Throughout its history St. Augustine has maintained a tradition of strong discipline, and a program of studies which challenges each student to achieve his fullest individual potential. St. Augustine has always served a very diverse student population, seeking to enable each and every student to maximize his potential. Various methodologies have been used throughout the history of the school to achieve this, from homogeneous groupings to diversified instruction methods. St. Augustine aims to prepare students of all academic aptitudes to function successfully in his professional endeavors.
St. Augustine High School led the way in battling segregation in New Orleans. The successful legal challenges mounted by the school resulted in the de-segregation of the high school athletics in the state of Louisiana. The famed Marching 100 was the first African-American high school band to march in the REX parade on Mardi Gras Day.